TRIZ

 TRIZ

Teoriya Resheniya Izobreataletskikh Zadatch: Theory of the solution of inventive problems. P41 has translated all Russian TRIZ terms into Dutch: click here.

TRIZ originates from the patent studies performed by the Russian engineer Genrich Altschuller in the 1950’s. Altschuller and his team of fellow-scientists discovered that the best inventions showed similarities that could even be converted into scientific laws.

TRIZ pointed out a revolutionary insight: almost every problem has already been solved (in other sectors). Also, Altshuller found that the most successful solutions tackle contradictions in the system. Thus, a master in TRIZ will be able to provide the most effective and proven solution for almost any problem out there. In the past, the contradiction matrix (including 40 inventive principles) was used by the rules of the algorithm called ARIZ (algorithm for solving inventive problems). No wonder that TRIZ has become increasingly well-known and studied. Many scientists have contributed to the further development of TRIZ and some have even created their own variants. TRIZ gets expanded into several streams, like I-TRIZ (Ideation International), P-TRIZ, X-TRIZ, TRIZ+ (Gen3) and on the other hand TRIZ was simplified in Israel to SIT (and spin-off USIT). More information on these schools, software and organizations can be found here.

Nowadays TRIZ can be best described as a methodology, tool-set, knowledge base and model-based technology for generating innovative ideas and solutions for problems. Many scientist look at TRIZ as the “missing link” between engineering techniques and classic creativity. Let’s summarize the whole of TRIZ in 5 components:

-laws and patterns for evolution: effectively showing the next steps for further generations of products or services

-Knowledge database: listing all technological effects and phenomena, allowing engineers to gain insight in the current possibilities and knowledge on how the world’s technology can be applied in different ways.

-40 inventive principles and the matrix of contradictions: The principles are able to tackle any problem through standardized methods and the matrix summarizes the typical features one wants to improve and links them with the principles that are widely used to obtain these results

-Substance/Field analysis: method to draw the problem at hand in an almost chemical representation, allowing to immediately apply one of the 76 inventive standards solutions. For very complex problems, algorithms are used (see below)

-Step-by-step algorithms (e.g. ARIZ 85): the inventor’s guide to analyze problems in the right way and using all the TRIZ tools described above to come to the best solutions. In 1985 Altschuller expanded this algorithm to 60 steps: Ariz85.  More information on these components can be found in the tabs or in our blog.  

P41 supports the TRIZ community by active developments. You can find more information on this on our page of own developments.